Then the Interpreter took him, and led him up towards the door of
the palace; and behold, at the door stood a great company of men, as
desirous to go in; but durst not. There also sat a man at a little distance
from the door, at a table-side, with a book and his inkhorn before him,
to take the name of him that should enter therein; he saw also, that
in the doorway stood many men in armour to keep it, being resolved to
do the men that would enter what hurt and mischief they could. Now was
Christian somewhat in amaze. At last, when every man started back for
fear of the armed men, Christian saw a man of a very stout countenance
come up to the man that sat there to write, saying, Set down my name,
Sir: the which when he had done, he saw the man draw his sword, and
put a helmet upon his head, and rush toward the door upon the armed
men, who laid upon him with deadly force; but the man, not at all discouraged,
fell to cutting and hacking most fiercely. So after he had received
and given many wounds to those that attempted to keep him out, he cut
his way through them all, and pressed forward into the palace, at which
there was a pleasant voice heard from those that were within, even of
those that walked upon the top of the palace, saying --
Come in, come in;
Eternal glory thou shalt win.
So he went in, and was clothed with such garments as they. Then Christian
smiled and said; I think verily I know the meaning of this.
Now, said Christian, let me go hence. Nay, stay, said the Interpreter,
till I have shewed thee a little more, and after that thou shalt go
on thy way. So he took him by the hand again, and led him into a very
dark room, where there sat a man in an iron cage.
Now the man, to look on, seemed very sad; he sat with his eyes looking
down to the ground, his hands folded together, and he sighed as if he
would break his heart. Then said Christian, What means this? At which
the Interpreter bid him talk with the man.
Then said Christian to the man, What art thou?
man answered, I am what I was not once.
Chr. What wast thou once?
Man. The man said, I was once a fair and
flourishing professor, both in mine own eyes, and also in the eyes of
others; I once was, as I thought, fair for the Celestial City, and had
then even joy at the thoughts that I should get thither.
Chr. Well, but what art thou now? Man.
I am now a man of despair, and am shut up in it, as in this iron cage.
I cannot get out. Oh, now I cannot!
Chr. But how camest thou in this condition?
Man. I left off to watch and be sober.
I laid the reins, upon the neck of my lusts; I sinned against the light
of the Word and the goodness of God; I have grieved the Spirit, and
he is gone; I tempted the devil, and he is come to me; I have provoked
God to anger, and he has left me: I have so hardened my heart, that
I cannot repent.
Then said Christian to the Interpreter, But is there no hope for such
a man as this? Ask him, said the Interpreter. Nay, said Christian, pray,
Sir, do you.
Inter. Then said the Interpreter, Is there
no hope, but you must be kept in the iron cage of despair?
Man. No, none at all.
Inter. Why, the Son of the Blessed is very
Man. I have crucified him to myself afresh;
I have despised his person; I have despised his righteousness; I have
counted his blood an unholy thing; I have done despite to the Spirit
of grace. Therefore I have shut myself out of all the promises, and
there now remains to me nothing but threatenings, dreadful threatenings,
fearful threatenings, of certain judgment and fiery indignation, which
shall devour me as an adversary.
Inter. For what did you bring yourself
into this condition?
Man. For the lusts, pleasures, and profits
of this world; in the enjoyment of which I did then promise myself much
delight; but now every one of those things also bite me, and gnaw me
like a burning worm.
Inter. But canst thou not now repent and
Man. God hath denied me repentance. His
Word gives me no encouragement to believe; yea, himself hath shut me
up in this iron cage; nor can all the men in the world let me out. O
eternity, eternity! how shall I grapple with the misery that I must
meet with in eternity!
Inter. Then said the Interpreter to Christian,
Let this man's misery be remembered by thee, and be an everlasting caution
Chr. Well, said Christian, this is fearful!
God help me to watch and be sober, and to pray that I may shun the cause
of this man's misery! Sir, is it not time for me to go on my way now?
Inter. Tarry till I shall shew thee one thing more, and then thou shalt
go on thy way.
So he took Christian by the hand again, and led him into a chamber,
where there was one rising out of bed; and as he put on his raiment
he shook and trembled. Then said Christian, Why doth this man thus tremble?
The Interpreter then bid him tell to Christian the reason of his so
doing. So he began and said, This night, as I was in my sleep, I dreamed,
and behold the heavens grew exceeding black; also it thundered and lightened
in most fearful wise, that it put me into an agony; so I looked up in
my dream, and saw the clouds rack at an unusual rate, upon which I heard
a great sound of a trumpet, and saw also a man sit upon a cloud, attended
with the thousands of heaven; they were all in flaming fire: also the
heavens were in a burning flame. I heard then a voice saying, Arise,
ye dead, and come to judgment; and with that the rocks rent, the graves
opened, and the dead that were therein came forth. Some of them were
exceeding glad, and looked upward; and some sought to hide themselves
under the mountains. Then I saw the man that sat upon the cloud open
the book, and bid the world draw near. Yet there was, by reason of a
fierce flame which issued out and came from before him, a convenient
distance betwixt him and them, as betwixt the judge and the prisoners
at the bar. I heard it also proclaimed to them that attended on the
man that sat on the cloud, Gather together the tares, the chaff, and
stubble, and cast them into the burning lake. And with that, the bottomless
pit opened, just whereabout I stood; out of the mouth of which there
came, in an abundant manner, smoke and coals of fire, with hideous noises.
It was also said to the same persons, Gather my wheat into the garner.
And with that I saw many catched up and carried away into the clouds,
but I was left behind. I also sought to hide myself, but I could not,
for the man that sat upon the cloud still kept his eye upon me; my sins
also came into my mind; and my conscience did accuse me on every side.
Upon this I awaked from my sleep.
Chr. But what is it that made you so afraid
of this sight?
Man. Why, I thought that the day of judgment
was come, and that I was not ready for it: but this frighted me most,
that the angels gathered up several, and left me behind; also the pit
of hell opened her mouth just where I stood. My conscience, too, afflicted
me; and, as I thought, the Judge had always his eye upon me, shewing
indignation in his countenance.
Then said the Interpreter to Christian, Hast thou considered all these
Chr. Yes, and they put me in hope and fear.
Inter. Well, keep all things so in thy
mind that they may be as a goad in thy sides, to prick thee forward
in the way thou must go. Then Christian began to gird up his loins,
and to address himself to his journey. Then said the Interpreter, The
Comforter be always with thee, good Christian, to guide thee in the
way that leads to the City. So Christian went on his way, saying --
Here I have seen things rare and profitable;
Things pleasant, dreadful, things to
make me stable
In what I have begun to take in hand;
Then let me think on them and understand
Wherefore they shewed me were, and let
Thankful, O good Interpreter, to thee.
Now I saw in my dream, that the highway up which Christian was to go,
was fenced on either side with a wall, and that wall was called Salvation.
Up this way, therefore, did burdened Christian run, but not without
great difficulty, because of the load on his back.
He ran thus till he came at a place somewhat ascending, and upon that
place stood a cross, and a little below, in the bottom, a sepulchre.
So I saw in my dream, that just as Christian came up with the cross,
his burden loosed from off his shoulders, and fell from off his back,
and began to tumble, and so continued to do, till it came to the mouth
of the sepulchre, where it fell in, and I saw it no more. Then was Christian
glad and lightsome, and said, with a merry heart, 'He hath given me
rest by his sorrow, and life by his death.' Then he stood still awhile
to look and wonder; for it was very surprising to him, that the sight
of the cross should thus ease him of his burden. He looked therefore,
and looked again, even till the springs that were in his head sent the
waters down his cheeks. Now, as he stood looking and weeping, behold
three Shining Ones came to him and saluted him with Peace be unto thee.
So the first said to him, Thy sins be forgiven thee; the second stripped
him of his rags, and clothed him with change of raiment; the third also
set a mark on his forehead, and gave him a roll with a seal upon it,
which he bade him look on as he ran, and that he should give it in at
the Celestial Gate. So they went their way.
Who's this? the Pilgrim. How! 'tis very
Old things are past away, all's become
Strange! he's another man, upon my word,
They be fine feathers that make a fine
Then Christian gave three leaps for joy, and went on singing --
Thus far I did come laden with my sin;
Nor could aught ease the grief that I
Till I came hither: What a place is this!
Must here be the beginning of my bliss?
Must here the burden fall from off my
Must here the strings that bound it to
Blest cross! blest sepulchre! blest rather
The Man that there was put to shame for
I saw then in my dream, that he went on thus, even until he came at
a bottom, where he saw, a little out of the way, three men fast asleep,
with fetters upon their heels. The name of the one was Simple, another
Sloth, and the third Presumption.
Christian then seeing them lie in this case went to them, if peradventure
he might awake them, and cried, You are like them that sleep on the
top of a mast, for the Dead Sea is under you -- a gulf that hath no
bottom. Awake, therefore, and come away; be willing also, and I will
help you off with your irons. He also told them, If he that goeth about
like a roaring lion comes by, you will certainly become a prey to his
teeth. With that they looked upon him, and began to reply in this sort:
Simple said, 'I see no danger;' Sloth said, 'Yet a little more sleep;'
and Presumption said, 'Every fat must stand upon its own bottom; what
is the answer else that I should give thee?' And so they lay down to
sleep again, and Christian went on his way.
Yet was he troubled to think that men in that danger should so little
esteem the kindness of him that so freely offered to help them, both
by awakening of them, counselling of them, and proffering to help them
off with their irons. And as he was troubled thereabout, he espied two
men come tumbling over the wall on the left hand of the narrow way;
and they made up apace to him. The name of the one was Formalist, and
the name of the other Hypocrisy. So, as I said, they drew up unto him,
who thus entered with them into discourse.
Chr. Gentlemen, whence came you, and whither
Form. and Hyp. We were born in the land
of Vain-Glory, and are going for praise to Mount Zion.
Chr. Why came you not in at the gate which
standeth at the beginning of the way? Know you not that it is written,
that he that cometh not in by the door, but climbeth up some other way,
the same is a thief and a robber?
Form. and Hyp. They said, That to go to
the gate for entrance was, by all their countrymen, counted too far
about; and that, therefore, their usual way was to make a short cut
of it, and to climb over the wall, as they had done.
Chr. But will it not be counted a trespass
against the Lord of the city whither we are bound, thus to violate his
Form. and Hyp. They told him, that, as
for that, he needed not to trouble his head thereabout; for what they
did they had custom for; and could produce, if need were, testimony
that would witness it for more than a thousand years.
Chr. But, said Christian, will your practice
stand a trial at law?
Form. and Hyp. They told him, That custom,
it being of so long a standing as above a thousand years, would, doubtless,
now be admitted as a thing legal by any impartial judge; and besides,
said they, if we get into the way, what's matter which way we get in?
if we are in, we are in; thou art but in the way, who, as we perceive,
came in at the gate; and we are also in the way, that came tumbling
over the wall; wherein, now, is thy condition better than ours?
Chr. I walk by the rule of my Master: you
walk by the rude working of your fancies. You are counted thieves already,
by the Lord of the way; therefore, I doubt you will not be found true
men at the end of the way. You come in by yourselves, without his direction;
and shall go out by yourselves, without his mercy.
To this they made him but little answer; only they bid him look to himself.
Then I saw that they went on every man in his way without much conference
one with another, save that these two men told Christian, that as to
laws and ordinances, they doubted not but they should as conscientiously
do them as he; therefore, said they, we see not wherein thou differest
from us but by the coat that is on thy back, which was, as we trow,
given thee by some of thy neighbours, to hide the shame of thy nakedness.
Chr. By laws and ordinances you will not
be saved, since you came not in by the door. And as for this coat that
is on my back, it was given me by the Lord of the place whither I go;
and that, as you say, to cover my nakedness with. And I take it as a
token of his kindness to me; for I had nothing but rags before. And
besides, thus I comfort myself as I go: Surely, think I, when I come
to the gate of the city, the Lord thereof will know me for good since
I have this coat on my back -- a coat that he gave me freely in the
day that he stripped me of my rags. I have, moreover, a mark in my forehead,
of which, perhaps, you have taken no notice, which one of my Lord's
most intimate associates fixed there in the day that my burden fell
off my shoulders. I will tell you, moreover, that I had then given me
a roll, sealed, to comfort me by reading as I go on the way; I was also
bid to give it in at the Celestial Gate, in token of my certain going
in after it; all which things, I doubt, you want, and want them because
you came not in at the gate.
To these things they gave him no answer; only they looked upon each
other, and laughed. Then, I saw that they went on all, save that Christian
kept before, who had no more talk but with himself, and that sometimes
sighingly, and sometimes comfortably; also he would be often reading
in the roll that one of the Shining Ones gave him, by which he was refreshed.
I beheld, then, that they all went on till they came to the foot of
the Hill Difficulty; at the bottom of which was a spring. There were
also in the same place two other ways besides that which came straight
from the gate; one turned to the left hand, and the other to the right,
at the bottom of the hill; but the narrow way lay right up the hill,
and the name of the going up the side of the hill is called Difficulty.
Christian now went to the spring, and drank thereof, to refresh himself,
and then began to go up the hill, saying --
The hill, though high, I covet to ascend,
The difficulty will not me offend;
For I perceive the way to life lies here.
Come, pluck up heart, let's neither faint
Better, though difficult, the right way
Than wrong, though easy, where the end
The other two also came to the foot of the hill; but when they saw that
the hill was steep and high, and that there were two other ways to go,
and supposing also that these two ways might meet again, with that up
which Christian went, on the other side of the hill, therefore they
were resolved to go in those ways. Now the name of one of these ways
was Danger, and the name of the other Destruction. So the one took the
way which is called Danger, which led him into a great wood, and the
other took directly up the way to Destruction, which led him into a
wide field, full of dark mountains, where he stumbled and fell, and
rose no more.
Shall they who wrong begin yet rightly
Shall they at all have safety for their
No, no; in headstrong manner they set
And headlong will they fall at last,
I looked, then, after Christian, to see him go up the hill, where I
perceived he fell from running to going, and from going to clambering
upon his hands and his knees, because of the steepness of the place.
Now, about the midway to the top of the hill was a pleasant arbour,
made by the Lord of the hill for the refreshing of weary travellers;
thither, therefore, Christian got, where also he sat down to rest him.
Then he pulled his roll out of his bosom, and read therein to his comfort;
he also now began afresh to take a review of the coat or garment that
was given him as he stood by the cross. Thus pleasing himself awhile,
he at last fell into a slumber, and thence into a fast sleep, which
detained him in that place until it was almost night; and in his sleep,
his roll fell out of his hand. Now, as he was sleeping, there came one
to him, and awaked him, saying, Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider
her ways and be wise. And with that Christian started up, and sped him
on his way, and went apace, till he came to the top of the hill.
Now, when he was got up to the top of the hill, there came two men running
to meet him amain; the name of the one was Timorous, and of the other,
Mistrust; to whom Christian said, Sirs, what's the matter? You run the
wrong way. Timorous answered, that they were going to the City of Zion,
and had got up that difficult place; but, said he, the further we go,
the more danger we meet with; wherefore we turned, and are going back
Yes, said Mistrust, for just before us lie a couple of lions in the
way, whether sleeping or waking we know not, and we could not think,
if we came within reach, but they would presently pull us in pieces.
Chr. Then said Christian, You make me afraid,
but whither shall I fly to be safe? If I go back to mine own country,
that is prepared for fire and brimstone, and I shall certainly perish
there. If I can get to the Celestial City, I am sure to be in safety
there. I must venture. To go back is nothing but death; to go forward
is fear of death, and life-everlasting beyond it. I will yet go forward.
So Mistrust and Timorous ran down the hill, and Christian went on his
way. But, thinking again of what he had heard from the men, he felt
in his bosom for his roll, that he might read therein, and be comforted;
but he felt, and found it not. Then was Christian in great distress,
and knew not what to do; for he wanted that which used to relieve him,
and that which should have been his pass into the Celestial City. Here,
therefore, he begun to be much perplexed, and knew not what to do. At
last he bethought himself that he had slept in the arbour that is on
the side of the hill; and, falling down upon his knees, he asked God's
forgiveness for that his foolish act, and then went back to look for
his roll. But all the way he went back, who can sufficiently set forth
the sorrow of Christian's heart? Sometimes he sighed, sometimes he wept,
and oftentimes he chid himself for being so foolish to fall asleep in
that place, which was erected only for a little refreshment for his
weariness. Thus, therefore, he went back, carefully looking on this
side and on that, all the way as he went, if happily he might find his
roll, that had been his comfort so many times in his journey. He went
thus, till he came again within sight of the arbour where he sat and
slept; but that sight renewed his sorrow the more, by bringing again,
even afresh, his evil of sleeping into his mind. Thus, therefore, he
now went on bewailing his sinful sleep, saying, O wretched man that
I am that I should sleep in the day-time! that I should sleep in the
midst of difficulty! that I should so indulge the flesh, as to use that
rest for ease to my flesh, which the Lord of the hill hath erected only
for the relief of the spirits of pilgrims!
How many steps have I took in vain! Thus it happened to Israel, for
their sin; they were sent back again by the way of the Red Sea; and
I am made to tread those steps with sorrow, which I might have trod
with delight, had it not been for this sinful sleep. How far might I
have been on my way by this time! I am made to tread those steps thrice
over, which I needed not to have trod but once; yea, now also I am like
to be benighted, for the day is almost spent. O, that I had not slept!
Now, by this time he was come to the arbour again, where for a while
he sat down and wept; but at last, as Christian would have it, looking
sorrowfully down under the settle, there he espied his roll; the which
he, with trembling and haste, catched up, and put it into his bosom.
But who can tell how joyful this man was when he had gotten his roll
again! for this roll was the assurance of his life and acceptance at
the desired haven. Therefore he laid it up in his bosom, gave thanks
to God for directing his eye to the place where it lay, and with joy
and tears betook himself again to his journey. But oh, how nimbly now
did he go up the rest of the hill! Yet, before he got up, the sun went
down upon Christian; and this made him again recall the vanity of his
sleeping to his remembrance; and thus he again began to condole with
himself: O thou sinful sleep; how, for thy sake, am I like to be benighted
in my journey! I must walk without the sun; darkness must cover the
path of my feet; and I must hear the noise of the doleful creatures,
because of my sinful sleep. Now also he remembered the story that Mistrust
and Timorous told him of; how they were frighted with the sight of the
lions. Then said Christian to himself again, These beasts range in the
night for their prey; and if they should meet with me in the dark, how
should I shift them? How should I escape being by them torn in pieces?
Thus he went on his way. But while he was thus bewailing his unhappy
miscarriage, he lift up his eyes, and behold there was a very stately
palace before him, the name of which was Beautiful; and it stood just
by the highway side.
So I saw in my dream that he made haste and went forward, that if possible
he might get lodging there. Now, before he had gone far, he entered
into a very narrow passage, which was about a furlong off the porter's
lodge; and looking very narrowly before him as he went, he espied two
lions in the way. Now, thought he, I see the dangers that Mistrust and
Timorous were driven back by. (The lions were chained, but he saw not
the chains.) Then he was afraid, and thought also himself to go back
after them, for he thought nothing but death was before him. But the
porter at the lodge, whose name is Watchful, perceiving that Christian
made a halt as if he would go back, cried unto him, saying, Is thy strength
so small? Fear not the lions, for they are chained, and are placed there
for trial of faith where it is, and for discovery of those that had
none. Keep in the midst of the path, and no hurt shall come unto thee.
Difficulty is behind, Fear is before,
Though he's got on the hill, the lions
A Christian man is never long at ease,
When one fright's gone, another doth
Then I saw that he went on, trembling for fear of the lions, but taking
good heed to the directions of the porter; he heard them roar, but they
did him no harm. Then he clapped his hands, and went on till he came
and stood before the gate where the porter was. Then said Christian
to the porter, Sir, what house is this? And may I lodge here to-night?
The porter answered, This house was built by the Lord of the hill, and
he built it for the relief and security of pilgrims. The porter
also asked whence he was, and whither he was going.
Chr. I am come from the City of Destruction,
and am going to Mount Zion; but because the sun is now set, I desire,
if I may, to lodge here to-night.
Por. What is your name?
Chr. My name is now Christian, but my name
at the first was Graceless; I came of the race of Japheth, whom God
will persuade to dwell in the tents of Shem.
Por. But how doth it happen that you come
so late? The sun is set.
Chr. I had been here sooner, but that,
wretched man that I am I slept in the arbour that stands on the
hillside; nay, I had, notwithstanding that, been here much sooner, but
that, in my sleep, I lost my evidence, and came without it to the brow
of the hill; and then feeling for it, and finding it not, I was forced
with sorrow of heart, to go back to the place where I slept my sleep,
where I found it, and now I am come.
Por. Well, I will call out one of the virgins
of this place, who will, if she likes your talk, bring you into the
rest of the family, according to the rules of the house. So Watchful,
the porter, rang a bell, at the sound of which came out at the door
of the house a grave and beautiful damsel, named Discretion, and asked
why she was called.
The porter answered, This man is in a journey from the City of Destruction
to Mount Zion, but being weary and benighted, he asked me if he might
lodge here tonight; so I told him I would call for thee, who, after
discourse had with him, mayest do as seemeth thee good, even according
to the law of the house.
Then she asked him whence he was, and whither he was going, and he told
her. She asked him also how he got into the way; and he told her. Then
she asked him what he had seen and met with in the way; and he told,
her. And last she asked his name; so he said, It is Christian, and I
have so much the more a desire to lodge here to-night, because, by what
I perceive, this place was built by the Lord of the hill for the relief
and security of pilgrims. So she smiled, but the water stood in her
eyes; and after a little pause, she said, I will call forth two or three
more of the family. So she ran to the door, and called out Prudence,
Piety, and Charity, who, after a little more discourse with him, had
him into the family; and many of them, meeting him at the threshold
of the house, said, Come in, thou blessed of the Lord; this house was
built by the Lord of the hill, on purpose to entertain such pilgrims
in. Then he bowed his head, and followed them into the house. So when
he was come in and sat down, they gave him something to drink, and consented
together, that until supper was ready, some of them should have some
particular discourse with Christian, for the best improvement of time;
and they appointed Piety, and Prudence, and Charity to discourse with
him; and thus they began:
Piety. Come, good Christian, since we have
been so loving to you, to receive you in our house this night, let us,
if perhaps we may better ourselves thereby, talk with you of all things
that have happened to you in your pilgrimage.
Chr. With a very good will, and I am glad
that you are so well disposed.
Piety. What moved you at first to betake
yourself to a pilgrim's life?
Chr. I was driven out of my native country
by a dreadful sound that was in mine ears: to wit, that unavoidable
destruction did attend me, if I abode in that place where I was.
Piety. But how did it happen that you came
out of your country this way?
Chr. It was as God would have it; for when
I was under the fears of destruction, I did not know whither to go;
but by chance there came a man, even to me, as I was trembling and weeping,
whose name is Evangelist, and he directed me to the wicket-gate, which
else I should never have found, and so set me into the way that hath
led me directly to this house.
Piety. But did you not come by the house
of the Interpreter?
Chr. Yes, and did see such things there,
the remembrance of which will stick by me as long as I live; especially
three things -- to wit, how Christ, in despite of Satan, maintains his
work of grace in the heart; how the man had sinned himself quite out
of hopes of God's mercy; and also the dream of him that thought in his
sleep the day of judgment was come.
Piety. Why, did you hear him tell his dream?
Chr. Yes, and a dreadful one it was. I
thought it made my heart ache as he was telling of it; but yet I am
glad I heard it.
Piety. Was that all that you saw at the
house of the Interpreter?
Chr. No; he took me and had me where he
shewed me a stately palace, and how the people were clad in gold that
were in it; and how there came a venturous man and cut his way through
the armed men that stood in the door to keep him out, and how he was
bid to come in, and win eternal glory. Methought those things did ravish
my heart! I would have stayed at that good man's house a twelvemonth,
but that I knew I had further to go.
Piety. And what saw you else in the way?
Chr. Saw! why, I went but a little further,
and I saw one, as I thought in my mind, hang bleeding upon the tree;
and the very sight of him made my burden fall off my back, (for I groaned
under a very heavy burden,) but then it fell down from off me. It was
a strange thing to me, for I never saw such a thing before; yea, and
while I stood looking up, for then I could not forbear looking, three
Shining Ones came to me. One of them testified that my sins were forgiven
me; another stripped me of my rags, and gave me this broidered coat
which you see; and the third set the mark which you see in my forehead,
and gave me this sealed roll. (And with that he plucked it out of his
Piety. But you saw more than this, did
Chr. The things that I have told you were
the best; yet some other matters I saw, as, namely -- I saw three men,
Simple, Sloth, and Presumption, lie asleep a little out of the way,
as I came, with irons upon their heels; but do you think I could awake
them? I also saw Formality and Hypocrisy come tumbling over the wall,
to go, as they pretended, to Zion, but they were quickly lost, even
as I myself did tell them; but they would not believe. But above all,
I found it hard work to get up this hill, and as hard to come by the
lions' mouths, and truly if it had not been for the good man, the porter
that stands at the gate, I do not know but that after all I might have
gone back again; but now I thank God I am here, and I thank you for
receiving of me.
Then Prudence thought good to ask him a few questions, and desired his
answer to them.
Prud. Do you not think sometimes of the
country from whence you came?
Chr. Yes, but with much shame and detestation
-- Truly, if I had been mindful of that country from whence I came out,
I might have had opportunity to have returned; but now I desire a better
country, that is, an heavenly.
Prud. Do you not yet bear away with you
some of the things that then you were conversant withal?
Chr. Yes, but greatly against my will;
especially my inward and carnal cogitations, with which all my countrymen,
as well as myself, were delighted; but now all those things are my grief;
and might I but choose mine own things, I would choose never to think
of those things more; but when I would be doing of that which is best,
that which is worst is with me.
Prud. Do you not find sometimes as if those
things were vanquished, which at other times are your perplexity?
Chr. Yes, but that is seldom; but they
are to me golden hours in which such things happen to me.
Prud. Can you remember by what means you
find your annoyances, at times, as if they were vanquished?
Chr. Yes, when I think what I saw at the
cross, that will do it; and when I look upon my broidered coat, that
will do it; also when I look into the roll that I carry in my bosom,
that will do it; and when my thoughts wax warm about whither I am going,
that will do it.
Prud. And what is it that makes you so
desirous to go to Mount Zion?
Chr. Why, there I hope to see him alive
that did hang dead on the cross; and there I hope to be rid of all those
things that to this day are in me an annoyance to me; there, they say,
there is no death; and there I shall dwell with such company as I like
best. For, to tell you truth, I love him, because I was by him eased
of my burden; and I am weary of my inward sickness. I would fain be
where I shall die no more, and with the company that shall continually
cry, Holy, Holy, Holy.
Then said Charity to Christian, Have you a family? Are you a married
Chr. I have a wife and four small children.
Char. And why did you not bring them along
Chr. Then Christian wept, and said, Oh,
how willingly would I have done it! but they were all of them utterly
averse to my going on pilgrimage.
Char. But you should have talked to them,
and have endeavoured to have shewn them the danger of being behind.
I did; and told them also of what God had shewn to me of the destruction
of our city; but I seemed to them as one that mocked, and they believed
Char. And did you pray to God that he would
bless your counsel to them?
Chr. Yes, and that with much affection: for you must think that
my wife and poor children were very dear unto me.
Char. But did you tell them of your own
sorrow, and fear of destruction? for I suppose that destruction was
visible enough to you.
Chr. Yes, over, and over, and over. They
might also see my fears in my countenance, in my tears, and also in
my trembling under the apprehension of the judgment that did hang over
our heads; but all was not sufficient to prevail with them to come with
Char. But what could they say for themselves,
why they came not?
Chr. Why, my wife was afraid of losing
this world, and my children were given to the foolish delights of youth:
so what by one thing, and what by another, they left me to wander in
this manner alone.
Char. But did you not, with your vain life,
damp all that you by words used by way of persuasion to bring them away
Chr. Indeed, I cannot commend my life;
for I am conscious to myself of many failings therein; I know also that
a man by his conversation may soon overthrow what by argument or persuasion
he doth labour to fasten upon others for their good. Yet this I can
say, I was very wary of giving them occasion, by any unseemly action,
to make them averse to going on pilgrimage. Yea, for this very thing
they would tell me I was too precise, and that I denied myself of things,
for their sakes, in which they saw no evil. Nay, I think I may say,
that if what they saw in me did hinder them, it was my great tenderness
in sinning against God, or of doing any wrong to my neighbour.
Char. Indeed Cain hated his brother, because
his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous; and if thy wife
and children have been offended with thee for this, they thereby shew
themselves to be implacable to good, and thou hast delivered thy soul
from their blood.
Now I saw in my dream, that thus they sat talking together until supper
was ready. So when they had made ready, they sat down to meat. Now the
table was furnished with fat things, and with wine that was well refined:
and all their talk at the table was about the Lord of the hill; as,
namely, about what he had done, and wherefore he did what he did, and
why he had builded that house. And by what they said, I perceived that
he had been a great warrior, and had fought with and slain him that
had the Power of death, but not without great danger to himself, which
made me love him the more.
For as they said, and as I believe (said Christian), he did it with
the loss of much blood; but that which put glory of grace into all he
did, was, that he did it out of pure love to his country. And besides,
there were some of them of the household that said they had been and
spoke with him since he did die on the cross; and they have attested
that they had it from his own lips, that he is such a lover of poor
pilgrims, that the like is not to be found from the east to the west.
They, moreover, gave an instance of what they affirmed, and that was,
he had stripped himself of his glory, that he might do this for the
poor; and that they heard him say and affirm, 'that he would not dwell
in the mountain of Zion alone.' They said, moreover, that he had made
many pilgrims princes, though by nature they were beggars born, and
their original had been the dunghill.
Thus they discoursed together till late at night; and after they had
committed themselves to their Lord for protection, they betook themselves
to rest: the Pilgrim they laid in a large upper chamber, whose window
opened towards the sun-rising: the name of the chamber was Peace; where
he slept till break of day and then he awoke and sang --
Where am I now? Is this the love and
Of Jesus for the men that pilgrims are?
Thus to provide that I should be forgiven!
And dwell already the next door to heaven!
So in the morning they all got up; and, after some more discourse, they
told him that he should not depart till they had shewn him the rarities
of that place. And first they had him into the study, where they shewed
him records of the greatest antiquity; in which, as I remember my dream,
they shewed him first the pedigree of the Lord of the hill, that he
was the son of the Ancient of Days, and came by that eternal generation.
Here also was more fully recorded the acts that he had done, and the
names of many hundreds that he had taken into his service; and how he
had placed them in such habitations that could neither by length of
days nor decays of nature be dissolved.
Then they read to him some of the worthy acts that some of his servants
had done: as, how they had subdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness,
obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, quenched the violence
of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong,
waxed valiant in fight, and turned to flight the armies of the aliens.
They then read again, in another part of the records of the house, where
it was shewed how willing their Lord was to receive into his favour
any, even any, though they in time past had offered great affronts to
his person and proceedings. Here also were several other histories of
many other famous things, of all which Christian had a view; as of things
both ancient and modern; together with prophecies and predictions of
things that have their certain accomplishment, both to the dread and
amazement of enemies, and the comfort and solace of pilgrims.
The next day they took him and had him into the armoury, where they
shewed him all manner of furniture, which their Lord had provided for
pilgrims, as sword, shield, helmet, breastplate, all-prayer, and shoes
that would not wear out. And there was here enough of this to harness
out as many men for the service of their Lord as there be stars in the
heaven for multitude.
They also shewed him some of the engines with which some of his servants
had done wonderful things. They shewed him Moses' rod; the hammer and
nail with which Jael slew Sisera; the pitchers, trumpets, and lamps
too, with which Gideon put to flight the armies of Midian. Then they
shewed him the ox's goad wherewith Shamgar slew six hundred men. They
shewed him also the jaw-bone with which Samson did such mighty feats.
They shewed him, moreover, the sling and stone with which David slew
Goliath of Gath; and the sword, also, with which their Lord will kill
the Man of Sin, in the day that he shall rise up to the prey. They shewed
him, besides, many excellent things, with which Christian was much delighted.
This done, they went to their rest again.
Then I saw in my dream, that on the morrow he got up to go forward;
but they desired him to stay till the next day also; and then, said
they, we will, if the day be clear, shew you the Delectable Mountains,
which, they said, would yet further add to his comfort, because they
were nearer the desired haven than the place where at present he was;
so he consented and stayed. When the morning was up, they had him to
the top of the house, and bid him look south; so he did: and behold,
at a great distance, he saw a most pleasant mountainous country, beautified
with woods, vineyards, fruits of all sorts, flowers also, with springs
and fountains, very delectable to behold. Then he asked the name of
the country. They said it was Immanuel's Land; and it is as common,
said they, as this hill is, to and for all the pilgrims. And when thou
comest there from thence, said they, thou mayest see to the gate of
the Celestial City, as the shepherds that live there will make appear.
Now he bethought himself of setting forward, and they were willing he
should. But first, said they, let us go again into the armoury. So they
did; and when they came there, they harnessed him from head to foot
with what was of proof, lest, perhaps, he should meet with assaults
in the way. He being, therefore, thus accoutred, walketh out with his
friends to the gate, and there he asked the porter if he saw any pilgrims
pass by. Then the porter answered, Yes.
Chr. Pray, did you know him? said he.
Por. I asked him his name, and he told
me it was Faithful.
Chr. Oh, said Christian, I know him; he
is my townsman, my near neighbour; he comes from the place where I was
born. How far do you think he may be before?
Por. He is got by this time below the hill.
Chr. Well, said Christian, good Porter,
the Lord be with thee, and add to all thy blessings much increase, for
the kindness that thou hast shewed to me.
Then he began to go forward; but Discretion, Piety, Charity, and Prudence
would accompany him down to the foot of the hill. So they went on together,
reiterating their former discourses, till they came to go down the hill.
Then said Christian, As it was difficult coming up, so, so far as I
can see, it is dangerous going down. Yes, said Prudence, so it is, for
it is a hard matter for a man to go down into the Valley of Humiliation,
as thou art now, and to catch no slip by the way; therefore, said they,
are we come out to accompany thee down the hill. So he began to go down,
but very warily; yet he caught a slip or two.
Then I saw in my dream that these good companions, when Christian was
gone to the bottom of the hill, gave him a loaf of bread, a bottle of
wine, and a cluster of raisins; and then he went on his way.
But now, in this Valley of Humiliation, poor Christian was hard put
to it; for he had gone but a little way, before he espied a foul fiend
coming over the field to meet him; his name is Apollyon. Then did Christian
begin to be afraid, and to cast in his mind whether to go back or to
stand his ground. But he considered again that he had no armour for
his back; and therefore thought that to turn the back to him might give
him the greater advantage with ease to pierce him with his darts. Therefore
he resolved to venture and stand his ground; for, thought he, had I
no more in mine eye than the saving of my life, it would be the best
way to stand.
So he went on, and Apollyon met him. Now the monster was hideous to
behold; he was clothed with scales, like a fish, (and they are his pride,)
he had wings like a dragon, feet like a bear, and out of his belly came
fire and smoke, and his mouth was as the mouth of a lion. When he was
come up to Christian, he beheld him with a disdainful countenance, and
thus began to question with him.
Apol. Whence come you? and whither are
Chr. I am come from the City of Destruction,
which is the place of all evil, and am going to the City of Zion.
Apol. By this I perceive thou art one of
my subjects, for all that country is mine, and I am the prince and god
of it. How is it, then, that thou hast run away from thy king? Were
it not that I hope thou mayest do me more service, I would strike thee
now, at one blow, to the ground.
Chr. I was born, indeed, in your dominions,
but your service was hard, and your wages such as a man could not live
on, for the wages of sin is death; therefore, when I was come to years,
I did, as other considerate persons do, look out, if, perhaps, I might
Apol. There is no prince that will thus
lightly lose his subjects, neither will I as yet lose thee; but since
thou complainest of thy service and wages, be content to go back: what
our country will afford, I do here promise to give thee.
Chr. But I have let myself to another, even to the King of princes;
and how can I, with fairness, go back with thee?
Apol. Thou hast done in this, according
to the proverb, 'Changed a bad for a worse;' but it is ordinary for
those that have professed themselves his servants, after a while to
give him the slip, and return again to me. Do thou so too, and all shall
Chr. I have given him my faith, and sworn
my allegiance to him; how, then, can I go back from this, and not be
hanged as a traitor?
Apol. Thou didst the same to me, and yet
I am willing to pass by all, if now thou wilt yet turn again and go
Chr. What I promised thee was in my nonage;
and, besides, I count the Prince under whose banner now I stand is able
to absolve me; yea, and to pardon also what I did as to my compliance
with thee; and besides, O thou destroying Apollyon! to speak truth,
I like his service, his wages, his servants, his government, his company,
and country, better than thine; and, therefore, leave off to persuade
me further; I am his servant, and I will follow him.
Apol. Consider, again, when thou art in
cool blood, what thou art like to meet with in the way that thou goest.
Thou knowest that, for the most part, his servants come to an ill end,
because they are transgressors against me and my ways. How many of them
have been put to shameful deaths! and, besides, thou countest his service
better than mine, whereas he never came yet from the place where he
is to deliver any that served him out of their hands; but as for me,
how many times, as all the world very well knows, have I delivered,
either by power, or fraud, those that have faithfully served me, from
him and his, though taken by them; and so I will deliver thee.
Chr. His forbearing at present to deliver
them is on purpose to try their love, whether they will cleave to him
to the end; and as for the ill end thou sayest they come to, that is
most glorious in their account; for, for present deliverance, they do
not much expect it, for they stay for their glory, and then they shall
have it when their Prince comes in his and the glory of the angels.
Apol. Thou hast already been unfaithful
in thy service to him; and how dost thou think to receive wages of him?
Chr. Wherein, O Apollyon! have I been unfaithful
Apol. Thou didst faint at first setting
out, when thou wast almost choked in the Gulf of Despond; thou didst
attempt wrong ways to be rid of thy burden, whereas thou shouldst have
stayed till thy Prince had taken it off; thou didst sinfully sleep and
lose thy choice thing; thou wast, also, almost persuaded to go back
at the sight of the lions; and when thou talkest of thy journey, and
of what thou hast heard and seen, thou art inwardly desirous of vain-glory
in all that thou sayest or doest.
Chr. All this is true, and much more which
thou hast left out; but the Prince whom I serve and honour is merciful,
and ready to forgive; but, besides, these infirmities possessed me in
thy country, for there I sucked them in; and I have groaned under them,
been sorry for them, and have obtained pardon of my Prince.
Apol. Then Apollyon broke out into a grievous
rage, saying, I am an enemy to this Prince; I hate his person, his laws,
and people; I am come out on purpose to withstand thee.
Chr. Apollyon, beware what you do; for
I am in the King's highway, the way of holiness; therefore take heed
Apol. Then Apollyon straddled quite over
the whole breadth of the way, and said, I am void of fear in this matter:
prepare thyself to die; for I swear by my infernal den, that thou shalt
go no further; here will I spill thy soul. And with that he threw a
flaming dart at his breast; but Christian had a shield in his hand,
with which he caught it, and so prevented the danger of that.
Then did Christian draw, for he saw it was time to bestir him; and Apollyon
as fast made at him, throwing darts as thick as hail; by the which,
notwithstanding all that Christian could do to avoid it, Apollyon wounded
him in his head, his hand, and foot. This made Christian give a little
back; Apollyon, therefore, followed his work amain, and Christian again
took courage, and resisted as manfully as he could. This sore combat
lasted for above half a day, even till Christian was almost quite spent;
for you must know that Christian, by reason of his wounds, must needs
grow weaker and weaker.
Then Apollyon, espying his opportunity, began to gather up close to
Christian, and wrestling with him, gave him a dreadful fall; and with
that Christian's sword flew out of his hand. Then said Apollyon, I am
sure of thee now. And with that he had almost pressed him to death,
so that Christian began to despair of life; but as God would have it,
while Apollyon was fetching of his last blow, thereby to make a full
end of this good man, Christian nimbly stretched out his hand for his
sword, and caught it, saying, Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy;
when I fall I shall arise; and with that gave him a deadly thrust, which
made him give back, as one that had received his mortal wound. Christian
perceiving that, made at him again, saying, Nay, in all these things
we are more than conquerors through him that loved us. And with that
Apollyon spread forth his dragon's wings, and sped him away, that Christian
for a season saw him no more.
In this combat no man can imagine, unless he had seen and heard as I
did, what yelling and hideous roaring Apollyon made all the time of
the fight -- he spake like a dragon; and, on the other side, what sighs
and groans burst from Christian's heart. I never saw him all the while
give so much as one pleasant look, till he perceived he had wounded
Apollyon with his two-edged sword; then, indeed, he did smile, and look
upward; but it was the dreadfullest sight that ever I saw.
A more unequal match can hardly be, --
Christian must fight an Angel; but you
The valiant man by handling Sword and
Doth make him, though a Dragon, quit
So when the battle was over, Christian said, I will here give thanks
to him that delivered me out of the mouth of the lion, to him that did
help me against Apollyon. And so he did, saying --
Great Beelzebub, the captain of this
Design'd my ruin; therefore to this end
He sent him harness'd out: and he with
That hellish was, did fiercely me engage.
But blessed Michael helped me, and I,
By dint of sword, did quickly make him
Therefore to him let me give lasting
And thank and bless his holy name always.
Then there came to him a hand, with some of the leaves of the tree of
life, the which Christian took, and applied to the wounds that he had
received in the battle, and was healed immediately. He also sat down
in that place to eat bread, and to drink of the bottle that was given
him a little before; so, being refreshed, he addressed himself to his
journey, with his sword drawn in his hand; for he said, I know not but
some other enemy may be at hand. But he met with no other affront from
Apollyon quite through this valley.
Now, at the end of this valley was another, called the Valley of the
Shadow of Death, and Christian must needs go through it, because the
way to the Celestial City lay through the midst of it. Now, this valley
is a very solitary place. The prophet Jeremiah thus describes it: --
'A wilderness, a land of deserts and of pits, a land of drought, and
of the shadow of death, a land that no man' (but a Christian) 'passed
through, and where no man dwelt.'
Now here Christian was worse put to it than in his fight with Apollyon,
as by the sequel you shall see. I saw then in my dream, that when Christian
was got to the borders of the shadow of Death, there met him two men,
children of them that brought up an evil report of the good land, making
haste to go back;
to whom Christian spake as follows: --
here to continue